Common Causes of Infertility in Women
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Common Causes of Infertility in Women

Common Causes of Infertility in Women

There are lot of Common Causes of Infertility in Women that affects many women around the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a child after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse.

Infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including medical conditions, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common causes of infertility in women health.

Ovulation Disorders

One of the most common causes of infertility in women is ovulation disorders. These disorders prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs regularly, making it difficult to conceive.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one such disorder, where hormonal imbalances lead to irregular menstrual cycles and anovulation.

Ovulation disorders

Other conditions that can affect ovulation include thyroid disorders, pituitary gland disorders, and premature ovarian failure.

Fallopian Tube Damage or Blockage

The fallopian tubes are responsible for transporting the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Any damage or blockage in these tubes can prevent the egg from reaching the uterus, making it difficult to conceive.

Common causes of fallopian tube damage include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, and previous pelvic surgery.

Uterine or Cervical Abnormalities

Abnormalities in the uterus or cervix can also lead to infertility. Fibroids, which are noncancerous growths in the uterus, can interfere with implantation and lead to miscarriages.

Cervical stenosis, which is a narrowing of the cervix, can also make it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus.


Age is a significant factor in female infertility. As women age, their fertility declines, and the chances of getting pregnant decrease. This is because the number and quality of eggs produced by the ovaries decrease as women get older. Women over the age of 35 are at higher risk of infertility due to age-related factors.


Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and inflammation.

Common Causes of Infertility in Women

This condition can also lead to scarring and adhesions, which can block the fallopian tubes and interfere with ovulation.

Lifestyle factors

Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and being overweight or underweight can also affect fertility. Smoking can reduce the number of eggs a woman has and damage the fallopian tubes.

Excessive alcohol consumption can affect ovulation and increase the risk of miscarriage. Being overweight or underweight can also interfere with ovulation and decrease fertility.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions can also affect female fertility. These include autoimmune disorders, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, which can affect ovulation and cause inflammation.

Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy can also damage the ovaries and reduce fertility.


In conclusion, infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, and it is essential to identify the common causes of infertility in women to determine the best course of treatment.

If you are struggling to conceive, it is important to know about Common Causes of Infertility in Women. Consult with your doctor and undergo a thorough evaluation to identify any underlying medical conditions or lifestyle factors that may be contributing to your infertility. With the right treatment, many women can overcome infertility and achieve their dream of starting a family.


Sure, here are some frequently asked questions about female infertility:

Q. How common is female infertility?

Infertility affects approximately 10-15% of couples worldwide, and female infertility accounts for about 30-40% of cases.

Q. How long should I try to conceive before seeking medical help?

It is generally recommended that couples try to conceive for at least one year before seeking medical help. However, if you are over the age of 35, it is recommended to seek medical help after six months of trying.

Q. What tests will my doctor perform to diagnose female infertility?

Your doctor may perform a variety of tests to diagnose female infertility, including blood tests to check hormone levels, ultrasound to evaluate the ovaries and uterus, and a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) to check for fallopian tube blockages.

Q. Can infertility be treated?

Yes, infertility can be treated depending on the underlying cause. Treatments may include medications to stimulate ovulation, surgery to remove blockages or growths, or assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Q. Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to improve my chances of getting pregnant?

Yes, there are several lifestyle changes you can make to improve your chances of getting pregnant, such as maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, and managing stress levels. Your doctor can provide personalized recommendations based on your individual situation

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